Medieval History
As Marsellus said so famously in “Pulp Fiction,” I’m gonna get medieval on your ass."
Humans are creative creatures and none more so then when it comes to war. Unlike today,
where with the push of a button or trigger, an enemy hundreds of yards away or across a
continent can die, medieval warfare was personal, bloody and brutal. You saw the whites of
an enemy’s eyes as they were impaled, bludgeoned or cut. No “friendly fire,” only friendly
beheadings. Here are a few of the baddest weapons ever invented for medieval close combat
spike on top of a pole, it
could be used against
Basically an axe with a
horsemen, or for
grappling or cutting off
a limb with one stroke.
Because it’s not fit for
use in close-close
combat, soldiers were
also armed with a
dagger to use against
enemies who had been
unhorsed. Used as a
court bodyguard
weapon, it’s still in use
today as a ceremonial
weapon of the Swiss
Guard in the Vatican
Some true castles were built in the Americas by the Spanish and French colonies. The first stage of Spanish
fort construction has been termed the "castle period", which lasted from 1492 until the end of the 16th
century.] Starting with Fortaleza Ozama, "these castles were essentially European medieval castles
transposed to America". Among other defensive structures (including forts and citadels), castles were also
built in New France towards the end of the 17th century.IIn Montreal the artillery was not as developed as
of France. Fort Longueuil, built from 1695–1698 by a baronial family, has been described as "the most
medieval-looking fort built in Canada". The manor house and stables were within a fortified bailey, with a
tall round turret in each corner. The "most substantial castle-like fort" near Montréal was Fort Senneville,
built in 1692 with square towers connected by thick stone walls, as well as a fortified windmill.] Stone forts
such as these served as defensive residences, as well as imposing structures to prevent Iroquois such as
these served as defensive residences, as well as imposing structures to prevent Iroquois incursions.
Although castle construction faded towards the 16th century, castles did not necessarily all fall out of use.
Some retained a role in local administration and became law courts, while others are still handed down in
aristocratic families as hereditary seats. A particularly famous example of this is Windsor Castle in England
which was founded in the 11th century and is home to the monarch of the United Kingdom. In other cases
they still had a role in defense. Tower houses, which are closely related to castles and include pele towers,
were defended towers that were permanent residences built in the 14th to 17th centuries. Especially
common in Ireland and Scotland, they could be up to five stories high and succeeded common enclosure
castles and were built by a greater social range of people. While unlikely to provide as much protection as
a more complex castle, they offered security against raiders and other small threats ...
No collection of
medieval weapons
would be complete
without the infamous
Greatsword, a massive,
two-handed weapon
capable of cutting off
limbs or the head of an
enemy in one stroke.
Can you imagine the
hulking man necessary
to even wield such a
Designed for use by a
warrior on horseback
to impale his enemies,
a lance is a long pole
or spear made of
wood with a sharp
metal tip. Horsemen
also carried swords or
maces, as the lance
was too long and
heavy for use on the
ground. Over time, a
lance was modified for
jousting with a blunt
tip and a hollow center
meant to break on
impact (and thus
protect the jousters.)
Just like today’s
construction hammer,
just longer, and with a
point at the end, there
is your basic medieval
warhammer. As armor
got better and harder to
pierce or puncture,
many weapons would
ricochet, losing most of
their force, such as
swords. The
warhammer, as a
bludgeoning weapon,
transferred all its force
into the target. Makes
guns seem civilized in
Today, the word
“Stiletto” seems
decidedly feminine,
thanks to the type of
shoes that shares its
name. But in the Middle
Ages, stilettos became
the secondary weapon
used by knights to
finish off fallen
enemies. The pointed
blade could pass
through most mail
armor, as well as find
the weak point between
plate mail, such as
under the arm.
A mace is very similar
to a warhammer in
that it was used to
deliver massive blunt
trauma to armor.
Early maces were
simply balls of metal
on the end of the
handle. These
evolved into spiked
maces also called
morning stars, and
flanged maces which
could deliver trauma
and also penetrate

A flail is a close
combat weapon with
a handle and a
striking ball at the
end of a chain. The
swinging motion was
a good means of
protection for the
wielder and it
derived tremen-
dous force. It would
also easily reach up,
over and around
armor and shields.
A good day to you, friends.  

This is a first of a collection of
information from the medieval
times. I have always  found
myself fascinated with everything
from that era.  The next issue will
introduce the people and fashion.
There will also be an introduction to the "Texas  
Medieval Fare" .
We will soon feature other
Renaissance festivals.  
I have included links where some of the information
on this page originated,
I wish you a good evening.
Some severely wounded enemies were given a
mercy strike (French coup de grace), which
garnered the name “misericorde
"Below" The angled bastion, as
used in
" Copertino Castle"  in
Italy, was developed around
1500. First used in Italy, it
allowed the evolution of artillery
forts that eventually took over
the military role of castles
Portchester Castle was built within a
Roman   man fort. Despite adaptation as a
castle, it is the best preserved Roman fort
north of the Alps
Fortaleza Ozama  in the Dominican Republic
was the first castle built in the Americas.